Today in History: July 12th

1995:  A heat advisory is issued in Chicago, warning of a record-breaking heat wave. By the time the heat breaks a week later, nearly 1,000 people are killed. Record high use of air conditioning caused some power failures. People opened so many hydrants to cool themselves off that water pressure was lost. The heat warped train rails, causing delays for commuters.

For more on crisis management: Buy ‘An Ounce of Prevention’

1990: Just two days after Mikhail Gorbachev is re-elected head of the Soviet Communist Party, Boris Yeltsin, president of the Republic of Russia, announces his resignation from the Party. Yeltsin’s action was a serious blow to Gorbachev’s efforts to keep the struggling Soviet Union together.

1960: Louis Robichaud is sworn in as Premier of New Brunswick, replacing Hugh John Flemming.

For more on politics: Buy ‘Political Conventions’

Today in History: July 5th

1998: Japan launches a probe to Mars, joining the U.S. and Russia as a space exploring nation.

1971: President Richard Nixon formally certifies the 26th Amendment, which lowers the voting age in the U.S. from 21 to 18 years. To learn more: Click Here

1970: An Air Canada DC-8 going from Montreal to Los Angeles makes a heavy landing at Malton Airport in Toronto, bounces and loses one engine. As the pilot tries to take off and land again, another engine falls off and the airplane crashes, killing all 109 people on board.

Today in History: July 3rd

1970:  A British airplane crashes into the sea near Barcelona, Spain, killing all 112 people on board. As the plane approached Barcelona, the pilot called the air-traffic controller and said he was 12 miles away. This was the last anyone heard from the jet.  The remains of the wreckage provided no clues as to the cause of the sudden crash.

1958: President Dwight Eisenhower signs the Rivers and Harbors Flood Control Bill, which allocates funds to improve flood-control and water-storage systems. The bill was introduced in the wake of disastrous and deadly floods caused by Hurricanes Connie and Diane.

1957:  Nikita Khrushchev takes control in the Soviet Union by orchestrating the ouster of his most serious opponents from positions of authority in the Soviet government. Khrushchev’s action delighted the U.S., which viewed him as a more moderate figure in the communist government of Russia.

Today in History: June 29th

1995: A department store in Seoul, South Korea, collapses, killing more than 500 people. The tragedy occurs due to a series of errors made by the designers and contractors who built the store and the criminal negligence of the store’s owner. Rescue efforts continue for weeks and one survivor is pulled out 16 days after the collapse.

1995: The American space shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir to form the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth. This was an historic moment of cooperation between former rival space programs. Daniel Goldin, chief of NASA, called it the beginning of “a new era of friendship and cooperation” between the U.S. and Russia.

1974: With Argentine President Juan Peron on his deathbed, Isabela Martinez de Peron, his wife and vice president, is sworn in as the leader of the South American country. President Isabela Peron, a former dancer and Peron’s third wife, was the Western Hemisphere’s first female head of government.

Today in History: June 19th

1992: Soviet President Boris Yeltsin visits Ottawa and signs a $200 million wheat deal to tide Russia over until fall harvest. He tells Parliament the Soviet Union has embraced democracy.

1959: A severe storm beings in the Northumberland Strait off the coast of New Brunswick and sinks 50 fishing boats and drowns 35 fishermen.

1938: A flood in Montana washes out train tracks, killing 46 people and seriously injuring more than 60. A pitch-black night on the Great Plains makes rescue efforts extremely difficult.

Today in History: June 16th

1984: John Turner is chosen as Liberal Party leader on second ballot, with 1,862 votes, to Jean Chretien’s 1,368. Turner is sworn in to replace retiring Pierre Trudeau as Prime Minister on June 30, but loses the September election to Brian Mulroney and the Conservatives.

1963: For the first time, a woman travels in space. She’s Soviet Cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. After 48 orbits and 71 hours, she returned to earth, having spent more time in space than all U.S. astronauts combined to that date. The first American woman in space was Sally Ride on the space shuttle Challenger in 1983.

1896: A tsunami in Japan overnight leaves about 25,000 people dead. Entire villages all along the coast are washed away. Fishermen who were working at sea and people living several miles inland, though, had no clue about the destruction until the following morning, when they arrived at the shore to find miles of the coast lined with wreckage and corpses.

Today in History: June 12th

1987: US President Ronald Reagan delivers a speech at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin, West Germany, near the Berlin Wall, in which he famously said “Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”, addressing the leader of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev.

Political Conventions – Let Them Come to Berlin
Political Conventions – The CV Generation

1924: George H.W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States, is born.

1897:  A powerful earthquake in India triggers deadly landslides and waves, killing more than 1,500 people. For hundreds of miles near the epicenter, nearly every building collapses. Hundreds of aftershocks in the following months delay the rebuilding efforts.

Today in History: May 31st

2003: Nova Scotia MP Peter MacKay is elected leader of the federal Progressive Conservative party. He will lead the move to unite with the Canadian Alliance, which later becomes the Conservative Party.

1985: Tornadoes hit central Ontario, including Barrie and Orangeville, killing 12 people, injuring hundreds and damaging or destroying at least 1,000 buildings. Damage is estimated at more than $150 million.

1929: After two years of visits and negotiations, the Ford Motor Company signs a landmark agreement to produce cars in the Soviet Union. At the time the U.S. government did not formally recognize the USSR in diplomatic negotiations, so the Ford agreement was groundbreaking.

Today in History: May 29th

1988: President Ronald Reagan travels to Moscow to begin the fourth summit meeting in the three years with Soviet leader Mikhail Grobachev.

1917: John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, is born.

Political Conventions K E Double N E D Y

1914: Heavy fog causes a collision of boats on the St. Lawrence River that kills 1,073 people, making it one of the worst maritime disasters ever. An investigation finds that several critical precautions that would have saved many lives were ignored.

Today in History: May 23rd

1967: Ernest Manning’s Social Credit Party is re-elected in Alberta, with a ninth consecutive majority. Social Credit wins 55 of the 65 seats, but popular vote drops to 45 percent.

1960: A tsunami caused by an earthquake near Chile travels across the Pacific Ocean and kills 61 people in Hawaii. Warnings are issued six hours before the wave’s expected arrival, but some ignore the warnings, and others head to the coast to view the wave. More than a day after the earthquake, the tsunami reaches Japan, killing 180 people.

1949:  The Federal Republic of Germany – known as West Germany – is formally established as a separate nation. Following  World War II, Germany was divided into four occupation zones, with the British, French, Americans, and Soviets each controlling one zone. But there were differences between the communist and non-communist controlled sections. East and West Germany, symbols of Cold War animosities, were reunited in 1990.