Today in History: July 12th

1995:  A heat advisory is issued in Chicago, warning of a record-breaking heat wave. By the time the heat breaks a week later, nearly 1,000 people are killed. Record high use of air conditioning caused some power failures. People opened so many hydrants to cool themselves off that water pressure was lost. The heat warped train rails, causing delays for commuters.

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1990: Just two days after Mikhail Gorbachev is re-elected head of the Soviet Communist Party, Boris Yeltsin, president of the Republic of Russia, announces his resignation from the Party. Yeltsin’s action was a serious blow to Gorbachev’s efforts to keep the struggling Soviet Union together.

1960: Louis Robichaud is sworn in as Premier of New Brunswick, replacing Hugh John Flemming.

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Today in History: July 9th

2010: Prime Minister Stephen Harper appoints legal scholar David Johnston the next governor general.

1991: In St. Lazare, Manitoba, 400 residents flee their homes when a train carrying highly corrosive acetic anhydride derails. The emergency evacuation ends after six days. For more on Crisis Management:Click Here

1960: President Dwight Eisenhower and and Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev trade verbal threats over the future of Cuba. The relationship between the United States and Cuba deteriorated rapidly after this exchange. The Castro regime accelerated its program of expropriating American-owned property. In response, the Eisenhower administration severed diplomatic relations with Cuba.

Today in History: July 5th

1998: Japan launches a probe to Mars, joining the U.S. and Russia as a space exploring nation.

1971: President Richard Nixon formally certifies the 26th Amendment, which lowers the voting age in the U.S. from 21 to 18 years. To learn more: Click Here

1970: An Air Canada DC-8 going from Montreal to Los Angeles makes a heavy landing at Malton Airport in Toronto, bounces and loses one engine. As the pilot tries to take off and land again, another engine falls off and the airplane crashes, killing all 109 people on board.

Today in History: June 29th

1995: A department store in Seoul, South Korea, collapses, killing more than 500 people. The tragedy occurs due to a series of errors made by the designers and contractors who built the store and the criminal negligence of the store’s owner. Rescue efforts continue for weeks and one survivor is pulled out 16 days after the collapse.

1995: The American space shuttle Atlantis docks with the Russian space station Mir to form the largest man-made satellite ever to orbit the Earth. This was an historic moment of cooperation between former rival space programs. Daniel Goldin, chief of NASA, called it the beginning of “a new era of friendship and cooperation” between the U.S. and Russia.

1974: With Argentine President Juan Peron on his deathbed, Isabela Martinez de Peron, his wife and vice president, is sworn in as the leader of the South American country. President Isabela Peron, a former dancer and Peron’s third wife, was the Western Hemisphere’s first female head of government.

Today in History: June 19th

1992: Soviet President Boris Yeltsin visits Ottawa and signs a $200 million wheat deal to tide Russia over until fall harvest. He tells Parliament the Soviet Union has embraced democracy.

1959: A severe storm beings in the Northumberland Strait off the coast of New Brunswick and sinks 50 fishing boats and drowns 35 fishermen.

1938: A flood in Montana washes out train tracks, killing 46 people and seriously injuring more than 60. A pitch-black night on the Great Plains makes rescue efforts extremely difficult.

Today in History: June 18th

1985: Ontario Conservative Premier Frank Miller is defeated on a series of confidence votes by an alliance of David Peterson’s Liberals and Bob Rae’s NDP. Miller resigns the next day, ending 42 years of Conservative rule in Ontario.

1979: During a summit meeting in Vienna, President Jimmy Carter  and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign the SALT-II agreement, dealing with limitations and guidelines for nuclear weapons. SALT-II thus remained signed, but unratified.

1972: A jetliner crashes after takeoff from Heathrow Airport in London, killing 118 people. Just after its wheels retracted after takeoff, it fell from the sky. An intense fireball from the plane’s fuel supply erupted. The official cause of this accident remains unknown, but it may have happened simply because the plane was carrying too much weight.

Today in History: June 12th

1987: US President Ronald Reagan delivers a speech at the Brandenburg Gate in West Berlin, West Germany, near the Berlin Wall, in which he famously said “Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!”, addressing the leader of the USSR, Mikhail Gorbachev.

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1924: George H.W. Bush, the 41st President of the United States, is born.

1897:  A powerful earthquake in India triggers deadly landslides and waves, killing more than 1,500 people. For hundreds of miles near the epicenter, nearly every building collapses. Hundreds of aftershocks in the following months delay the rebuilding efforts.

Today in History: June 3rd

1999:  Canada and the United States sign a treaty governing the conservation and sharing of the Pacific salmon that migrate between waters of the two nations.

1992: Start of Rio Summit or Earth Summit held by the UN. See also Ozone Layer clip for @Issue.

1989: A natural-gas pipeline explodes in Russia, just as two trains pass, killing more than 500 people. Although pressure in the pipeline had dropped, a sign of a possible leak, instead of following procedures and checking for leaks, pipeline workers instead pumped in more gas to keep the pressure up. The gas leaked and ignited when the trains passed by.

Today in History: May 31st

2003: Nova Scotia MP Peter MacKay is elected leader of the federal Progressive Conservative party. He will lead the move to unite with the Canadian Alliance, which later becomes the Conservative Party.

1985: Tornadoes hit central Ontario, including Barrie and Orangeville, killing 12 people, injuring hundreds and damaging or destroying at least 1,000 buildings. Damage is estimated at more than $150 million.

1929: After two years of visits and negotiations, the Ford Motor Company signs a landmark agreement to produce cars in the Soviet Union. At the time the U.S. government did not formally recognize the USSR in diplomatic negotiations, so the Ford agreement was groundbreaking.

Today in History: May 29th

1988: President Ronald Reagan travels to Moscow to begin the fourth summit meeting in the three years with Soviet leader Mikhail Grobachev.

1917: John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, is born.

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1914: Heavy fog causes a collision of boats on the St. Lawrence River that kills 1,073 people, making it one of the worst maritime disasters ever. An investigation finds that several critical precautions that would have saved many lives were ignored.